Key Difference – Unimolecularvs Bimolecular Reactions
In chemistry, the term molecularity is used to express the number ofmoleculesthat come together to react in an elementary reaction. An elementary reaction is a single step reaction that gives the final product directly after the reaction betweenreactants. This means that the elementary reactions are chemical reactions that have no intermediate steps before the formation of the final product. Unimolecular and bimolecular reactions are such elementary reactions. Thekey differencebetween Unimolecular and bimolecular reactions is thatunimolecular reactions involve only one molecule as a reactant whereas bimolecular reactions involve two molecules as reactants.
1.Overview and Key Difference
2.What are Unimolecular Reactions
3.What are Bimolecular Reactions
4.Similarities Between Unimolecular and Bimolecular Reactions
5.Side by Side Comparison – Unimolecular vs Bimolecular Reactions in Tabular Form
What are Unimolecular Reactions?
单分子反应是th基本反应at involve only one molecule as a reactant. There, the reaction is a rearrangement reaction. The single molecule rearranges to form more different molecules as final products. But this occurs in a single step. There are no intermediate steps that the reactant molecule undergoes in the formation of the final product. It directly gives the final products. The equation for the reaction can be given as
A → P
Here A is reactant and P is the product. According to the first order of rate law, therate of reactioncan be given as below.
Rate = k [reactant]
一些服务les of unimolecular reactions include followings:
- Conversion of N2O4into two NO2molecules
- Conversion of cyclopropane into propene
- Conversion of PCl5into PCl3and Cl2
What are Bimolecular Reactions?
Bimolecular reactions are elementary chemical reactions that involve two molecules as reactants. It can be described as the collision of two molecules or particles. These are common chemical reactions in organic and inorganic chemistry. The two molecules can be of the same or different types. For example, the two molecules can be two NOCl molecules with the same atomic arrangement or can be C and O2having different atomic combinations. The equations for the bimolecular reactions is given as below.
A + A → P
A + B → P
Since there are two reactants, these reactions are explained as second-order reactions. Therefore, these bimolecular reactions are described by the second order rate law;
Rate = [A]2
Rate = [A][B]
的整体秩序总是2。一些服务les of bimolecular reactions are given below.
- Reaction between CO and NO3
- Reaction between two NOCl molecules
- Reaction between Cl and CH4
What are the Similarities Between Unimolecular and Bimolecular Reactions?
- Both Unimolecular and Bimolecular Reactions are elementary reactions.
- Both Unimolecular and Bimolecular reactions give the product in a single step.
- Both Unimolecular and Bimolecular reactions have no intermediate steps.
What is the Difference Between Unimolecular and Bimolecular Reactions?
Unimolecular vs Biomolecular Reactions
|单分子反应是th基本反应at involve only one molecule as a reactant.
|Bimolecular reactions are elementary chemical reactions that involve two molecules as reactants.
|Unimolecular reactions have one reactant
|Bimolecular reactions have two reactants.
|Order of Rate Law
|Unimolecular reactions are explained via first order of rate law.
|Bimolecular reactions are explained via second-order rate law.
|The overall order of the rate equation of unimolecular reactions is always 1.
|The overall order of the rate equation of bimolecular reactions is always 2.
Summary – Unimolecularvs Bimolecular Reactions
Unimolecular and bimolecular reactions are elementary reactions. These reactions give the product in a single step. These reactions can be expressed using rate laws as well. The difference between Unimolecular and bimolecular reactions is that unimolecular reactions involve only one reactant whereas bimolecular reactions involve two molecules as reactants.
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2.“Elementary reaction.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 10 Feb. 2018.Available here
3.“Molecularity.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 13 Feb. 2018.Available here