关键区别 - 念珠菌与酵母菌感染
Fungican be divided into 4 main groups based on their morphology:酵母,moulds, dimorphic and yeast like.The group consisting of unicellular fungal species is known as yeast. They can be spherical or ovoid in shape. Yeast reproduces by萌芽。They do not produce branching chains.Malassezia furfur,这会引起可怜的versicolor，并且念珠菌,引起念珠菌病，属于酵母类别。因此，很明显酵母infection is a broad term which is used to address a group of illnesses caused by unicellular, ovoid/spherical fungi然而念珠菌infection is a term used to address illnesses caused only by念珠菌物种。因此，念珠菌和酵母菌感染之间的关键区别是它们的病因。
What is Candida?
念珠菌感染或念珠菌病is caused by fungi of念珠菌物种which are yeasts. Most common病原体属于这一组的是b念珠菌白色疾病,C.tropicalis，C.Glabrate，和C.Krusei。念珠菌is a member of normal flora mainly in the skin, vagina, and gut. Factors like类固醇, pregnancy,AIDS，恶性肿瘤，肥胖,糖尿病和抗生素可以诱发念珠菌感染。在普通主机中，念珠菌can cause cutaneous infections, and in immunocompromised patients, it can cause cutaneous infections and systemic illnesses.
阴道炎is most commonly seen in women taking antibiotics, oral contraceptive pills, during pregnancy or during menses. Thick copious vaginal discharge and vaginal itching are the main symptoms of vaginitis. On speculum examination of the vagina, inflamed vaginal walls and creamy white patches can be seen on the vaginal walls.
尿布疹can be seen in warm moist areas under the diapers and also between skin folds in adults. Skin becomes reddened, softened and separated.
paronychia是由C。白色疾病。It is usually seen in wet workers who do not dry their hands and feet properly. The cuticle of the nail is lost. The nail plate becomes irregular and off-colored. Co-existing gram-negative bacteria can make the nail look blue-green colored. This condition can be treated with topical imidazole. Precautions should be taken to keep hands dry.
念珠菌is mainly cultured from urine, stools, and sputum as it is a member of the normal flora. But the isolation of念珠菌血液不正常。在免疫功能低下的患者中，念珠菌可以传播到血液中，引起多个器官的感染，例如膀胱炎，肾盂肾炎，心内膜炎和败血症。治疗是IV两性霉素B，氟康唑或Caspofungin。
将口腔鹅口疮传播到食道可能会导致食道炎in immunosuppressed patients. This can be treated with fluconazole.
- Direct smear in 10% KOH
What is Yeast Infection?
可惜(Tinea) Versicoloris caused by unicellular fungiMalassazia Furfur。感染主要发生在潮湿和热带条件下。它仅涉及皮肤的浅表角蛋白层。在年轻人中，主要是四肢的树干和近端部分受到影响。在肤色的人中，出现了粉红色的球形斑块。暴露在阳光下，斑块周围的皮肤将棕褐色。在皮肤深色皮肤的人中，可能会出现缺乏症状的斑块。
Topical application of imidazole, Dandruff shampoo containing Selenium sulfide.
What are the Similarities Between Candida and Yeast Infection?
- Both are caused by the yeast morphological type
念珠菌vs Yeast Infection
|念珠菌infection is a fungal infection due to any type of Candida.||酵母菌感染is a broad term used to address a group of illnesses caused by yeast.|
|念珠菌是酵母菌感染的子集。||酵母菌感染mainly includes Pityriasis Versicolor and candidiasis.|
|This is caused by any type of Candida.||马拉西亚·弗福尔（Malassezia furfur），念珠菌是常见的致病药物。|
概括– Candida vs Yeast Infection
Both Candida and yeast infection are caused by fungi. While candida is considered a subset of yeast infection, the difference between candida and yeast infection depends on their causative agents; candida is only caused by types of Candida whereas yeast infection is caused by any type of fungal yeast, including Candida.
With the increase in the number of immunocompromised persons, the incidence of fungal infections has rapidly gone up. It is therefore important to maintain personal hygiene and a clean environment to protect yourself from these pathogens.
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1. Carroll，Karen C.，Jeffery A. Hobden和Steve Miller。Jawetz, Melnick & Adelbergs Medical Microbiology。New York: Mc Graw Hill, 2016. Print.