The草酸钙一水合物和草酸钙二水合物之间的关键差异is that calcium oxalate monohydrate crystals have a smooth surface, whereas calcium oxalate dihydrate crystals have jagged edges.
草酸钙可以描述为钙和oxalate离子。这苏bstance forms as hydrates having the chemical formula CaC2O4.nH2O. The “n” in this formula can vary from 1 to 3. If it is zero, then it can be named as the anhydrous calcium oxalate. However, both anhydrous and hydrated forms are colorless or white.
1.Overview and Key Difference
3.What is Calcium Oxalate Dihydrate
4.Calcium Oxalate Monohydrate vs Calcium Oxalate Dihydrate in Tabular Form
5.Summary – Calcium Oxalate Monohydrate vs Calcium Oxalate Dihydrate
草酸钙一水合物是钙和草酸阴离子的盐，其一个水分子形成了水合物形式。因此，CAC2O4.NH2O通用公式中的“ N”值为1。摩尔质量为146.11 g/mol。草酸钙一水合物是一种天然存在的化合物，形式是矿物质盐酸盐的形式。这形成了被称为raphides的包络形晶体。草酸钙的一水合物形式是该盐化合物的最丰富形式。
这苏bstance occurs in the solid state at room temperature and pressure conditions. Sometimes, we can find it as a white hygroscopic powder or lumps that are odorless. The parent compound for calcium oxalate monohydrate is oxalic acid. This substance is used as the active ingredient in 7 major products, including Calcarea oxalica and cal-5-revive. Moreover, it is useful in the manufacture of ceramic glazes, for the separation of rare-earth metals, and for the analysis of calcium. Moreover, calcium oxalate monohydrate can cause irritation, and it can be harmful for ingestion and skin absorption.
Further, the shape of the calcium oxalate monohydrate crystals can vary. The most common shapes include dumbells, spindles, ovals, or picket fences. The picket fences can be observed due to ethylene glycol poisoning.
When considering the health condition of “肾结石,” the most common type is calcium oxalate monohydrate stones. These stones form due to crystal retention in the renal tubules. Typically, these crystals tend to adhere to kidney cells and aggregate to form kidney stones.
草酸钙二水合物是钙和草酸阴离子的盐，具有两个水分子，形成了水合形式。它是草酸钙的稀有水合物。它的化学配方可以作为CAC2O4.2H2O。它自然地以矿物质Weddellite的形式出现。通常，草酸钙二氢酸钙晶体是八面体。大部分晶体urinesediments displays this morphology. Moreover, calcium oxalate dihydrate can grow at any pH, and it occurs naturally in normal urine.
Eating food with high protein contents can cause the formation of calcium oxalate dehydrate stones in the kidneys. Moreover, eating a diet high in sodium salt also can cause the buildup of calcium in the urine. Typically, the calcium oxalate dihydrate crystals have jagged edges, unlike in their monohydrate crystal form.
Calcium oxalate monohydrate is a salt of calcium and oxalate anion having one water molecule forming the hydrate form, while calcium oxalate dihydrate is a salt of calcium and oxalate anion having two water molecules forming the hydrated form. The key difference between calcium oxalate monohydrate and calcium oxalate dihydrate is that calcium oxalate monohydrate crystals have a smooth surface, whereas calcium oxalate dihydrate crystals have jagged edges.
The following table summarizes the difference between calcium oxalate monohydrate and calcium oxalate dihydrate.
Summary – Calcium Oxalate Monohydrate vs Calcium Oxalate Dihydrate
Studying calcium oxalate is an important topic because it is the main component in kidney stones. There are two types of calcium oxalate as the monohydrate form and the dehydrated form. The key difference between calcium oxalate monohydrate and calcium oxalate dihydrate is that calcium oxalate monohydrate crystals have a smooth surface, whereas calcium oxalate dihydrate crystals have jagged edges.
1. Zhao, Yao-Wang, et al. “草酸钙一水合物与HK-2细胞的粘附比较：IJN.”国际纳米医学杂志，Dove Press。
2.“Calcium Oxalate Monohydrate.”National Center for Biotechnology Information. PubChem Compound Database, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
1.“”Calcium oxalate crystals (urine) – kalsiyum oksalat kristalleri (idrar) – 01” By Doruk Salancı – Own work(CC BY-SA 3.0)via Commons Wikimedia